In general, to apply for an immigrant visa, a foreign citizen must be sponsored by a U.S. citizen relative(s), U.S. lawful permanent resident, or by a prospective employer, and be the beneficiary of an approved petition. Therefore, the first step is filing a petition with U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) in the United States.
After the immigrant petition is approved by USCIS, it is forwarded to the National Visa Center (NVC). The NVC handles processing of documents, fees and appointment scheduling.
The NVC will only send cases to the U.S. Consulate in Guayaquil with a current priority date. A Consular Officer will interview the beneficiary on the scheduled appointment date to ensure that they qualify for resident status prior the issuance of the immigrant visa. To check if your priority date is current, please review the monthly visa bulletin or contact the National Visa Center.
For a more detailed explanation on the immigrant visa process visit our Step by Step Process section.
All individuals issued immigrant visas overseas must pay a US$165.00 USCIS ELIS Immigrant Fee before traveling to the United States. Only prospective adoptive parents whose child(ren) is/are entering the United States under either the Orphan or Hague Process, Iraqi and Afghan special immigrants who were employed by the U.S. government, returning residents, and those issued K visas are exempt from the new fee.
Failure to pay the fee prior to travel will result in a delay of issuance of the applicant's Permanent Resident Card ("Green Card") until the fee is paid. The links below contain helpful information on USCIS ELIS Immigrant Fee:
Step-by-Step Payment Guide
Help and Customer Support
Notice from the Consular Section
The U.S. Consulate in Guayaquil is not reducing or closing consular services, despite persistent rumors to the contrary – in fact, our consular services continue to expand to meet growing demand. Due to the high demand for tourist/business visas, appointment wait times at the U.S. Consulate in Guayaquil have consistently been one month or longer currently exceed 50 days. We are actively taking steps to meet this increased demand, including increasing the number of interviewing officers. However, for the time being, we remind customers that all applicants, regardless of where they live, who are applying for tourist/business visas may also apply at the U.S. Embassy in Quito, where current wait times for tourist/business visas at the U.S. Embassy in Quito are under one week.
Nonimmigrant visa applicants can find appointment wait times for Quito and Guayaquil here. U.S. citizens must schedule appointments for passport services, Consular Reports of Birth Abroad, and notarial services through the Embassy’s and Consulate’s respective webpages.
welcome to the United States
An informational guide for new immigrants.
FRAUD WARNING: VISA LOTTERY
Ecuador does not currently participate in the Diversity Visa Program (DV), commonly referred to as the Visa Lottery.